What file system should I use for 2TB usb to store files (Img, doc, vids, etc) ?

dinodev

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Hi I'm new to the forum and also new to the Linux environment, what file system would be recommended to store files such as vids, music, doc, etc on a 2TB USB?. I use Xubuntu 22.04 to since i transition from Windows. NTFS doesn't seem to mount or work, keeps giving errors for support software package: ntfsprogs/ntfs-3g. I try ext4 but i can seem to write any files to it. Fat32 is really small because i have files 20Gb and up to transfer. I'm a noob to all this but I'm learning. I would really appreciate some insight as to what to do. Thanks!
 


kc1di

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Welcome to the Linux.org Forums.

How big are the files your trying to store?
NTFS or EXT4 should both work. though I've found NTFS to be a bit slower in transfers than EXT4.
 
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dinodev

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Welcome to the Linux.org Forums.

How big are the files your trying to store?
NTFS or EXT4 should both work. though I've found NTFS to be a bit slower in transfers than EXT4.
Thanks for the welcome!

Files are 30Gb... NTFS isn't working because it need a dependency for ntfsprogs and ntfs-3g that I installed but for some reason is not working. I try EXT4 but I can't write because it's seems to be write protected and I don't have permission even tho I'm the admin. When I loaded up Gparted the USB has a keyhole icon however I didn't encrypt the USB during the formatting settings. I would prefer to use EXT4 since I'm leaving Windows.
 

KGIII

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Ext4 is the way to go. Let's see if we can get you sorted with permissions.

When you plug our device in, it should appear in /media/<your_username>. Can you confirm that this happens? You can just check with your file manager in a graphical manner.

If you want to use the terminal, make sure the device is plugged in and powered up, what is the output of:

Code:
ls /media/<your_username>
 
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dinodev

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Ext4 is the way to go. Let's see if we can get you sorted with permissions.

When you plug our device in, it should appear in /media/<your_username>. Can you confirm that this happens? You can just check with your file manager in a graphical manner.

If you want to use the terminal, make sure the device is plugged in and powered up, what is the output of:

Code:
ls /media/<your_username>
Thanks! For your input I'll give a try. However tho just to backup some files I formatted the USB to Fat and the transfers were depressingly slow but it worked. I actually just reinstalled my Xubuntu 22.04, so I'll give the code you provided a try and a follow up!
 
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dinodev

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Why nnot try the ZFS option on next install of xubuntu? You may like it!
Man why you if you was 20 mins early with this response I would have formatted tried the ZFS. I was doing some research on it through YouTube and reading material online but I didn't fully understand how works so I pass on the thought of formatting the SSD to ZFS.
 

dos2unix

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If you going back and forth between Linux and Windows. exfat has worked best for me.
 
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dinodev

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If you going back and forth between Linux and Windows. exfat has worked best for me.
For TB drives ? .. actually I'm so much interested windows only of I have no choice but to probably dual boot if I need Adobe product then I would use Windows
 
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dinodev

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Why nnot try the ZFS option on next install of xubuntu? You may like it!
Took your advice on switch to ZFS since did reinstallation and ZFS is pretty good. I can feel a difference in performance I'll have to look into how the file systems works. Thanks for suggesting!
 
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dinodev

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Ext4 is the way to go. Let's see if we can get you sorted with permissions.

When you plug our device in, it should appear in /media/<your_username>. Can you confirm that this happens? You can just check with your file manager in a graphical manner.

If you want to use the terminal, make sure the device is plugged in and powered up, what is the output of:

Code:
ls /media/<your_username>
I totally agree that ext4 is the way go ... Since it has a reputable history that proven to be better that most file systems. But I have more to learn about how the ext4 file systems works. I decided to settle with exfat since the data isn't getting corrupted and it works well with my Tb USB. I love to learn more about the ext4 file system and how to get it work on a USB having all permission (read, write, execute), if you could possibly point me in the direction to a reading material on this or possibly enlighten me. I'll very much appreciate it! Thanks
 

KGIII

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I'd start here:


There are source links you can follow that will fill in other aspects not covered in depth.
 
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