Yes, you can. You can dual boot with Windows XP. You can also dual boot with Windows 8. I have a laptop where I can quad boot. My choices are Puppy Linux, Lubuntu, Windows 7 and Windows 8.I just made a thread about this, but glad I stumbled upon this. I have read before that it's best to dual boot instead of using a virtual box so that's what's making me want to 100% go with dual boot if I decide in going with Linux. Although I'm on my Windows 7 PC, I wonder if you can dual boot on a Windows XP PC also.