Multi-Multi Booting from the Ground Up

Jeffrey Lapinski

Active Member
Reference Links:

https://www.linux.org/threads/question-about-partitioning-sdd-after-os-is-installed.19701/page-5#post-58963

https://www.linux.org/threads/manjaro-kernel-panics-and-other-tips-for-arch-based-distros.19795/page-2#post-58771

The above links are background information as well as tips provided by experienced moderators/members from this site. I have been attempting to create a system on which I can boot several Linux distros. Up until yesterday I had my system set up to boot LM 19 Cinnamon from a 1 TB HDD and Manjaro 17 Gnome from my 256 GB SSD. With assistance I was able to correct the kernel panic issue caused by trying to boot into Manjaro and I had both OS set up and running. THEN, I had the bright idea that it was time to try and install an additional distro and that was where it all fell apart! So, after completely nuking both drives via GParted I have been able to re-install LM19 Cinnamon to my SSD and as of this moment the system is up and running.

Code:
[email protected]:~$ inxi -Fxs
System:    Host: jlap4-X705UDR Kernel: 4.15.0-20-generic x86_64
           bits: 64 gcc: 7.3.0
           Desktop: Cinnamon 3.8.9 (Gtk 3.22.30-1ubuntu1)
           Distro: Linux Mint 19 Tara
Machine:   Device: laptop System: ASUSTeK product: X705UDR v: 1.0 serial: N/A
           Mobo: ASUSTeK model: X705UDR v: 1.0 serial: N/A
           UEFI: American Megatrends v: X705UDR.306 date: 11/27/2017
Battery    BAT0: charge: 38.9 Wh 99.9% condition: 38.9/42.1 Wh (93%)
           model: ASUSTeK ASUS status: Discharging
CPU:       Quad core Intel Core i7-8550U (-MT-MCP-)
           arch: Kaby Lake rev.10 cache: 8192 KB
           flags: (lm nx sse sse2 sse3 sse4_1 sse4_2 ssse3 vmx) bmips: 15936
           clock speeds: max: 4000 MHz 1: 1547 MHz 2: 1712 MHz 3: 1583 MHz
           4: 1760 MHz 5: 1651 MHz 6: 1643 MHz 7: 1183 MHz 8: 1682 MHz
Graphics:  Card-1: Intel UHD Graphics 620 bus-ID: 00:02.0
           Card-2: NVIDIA GP107M [GeForce GTX 1050 Mobile] bus-ID: 01:00.0
           Display Server: x11 (X.Org 1.19.6 )
           drivers: modesetting,nvidia (unloaded: fbdev,vesa,nouveau)
           Resolution: [email protected]
           OpenGL: renderer: GeForce GTX 1050/PCIe/SSE2
           version: 4.6.0 NVIDIA 390.48 Direct Render: Yes
Audio:     Card Intel Sunrise Point-LP HD Audio
           driver: snd_hda_intel bus-ID: 00:1f.3
           Sound: Advanced Linux Sound Architecture v: k4.15.0-20-generic
Network:   Card-1: Realtek RTL8111/8168/8411 PCIE Gigabit Ethernet Controller
           driver: r8169 v: 2.3LK-NAPI port: d000 bus-ID: 02:00.0
           IF: enp2s0 state: down mac: 4c:ed:fb:01:fa:f1
           Card-2: Realtek Device b822
           driver: r8822be port: c000 bus-ID: 03:00.0
           IF: wlp3s0 state: up speed: N/A duplex: N/A mac: 80:c5:f2:05:e9:31
Drives:    HDD Total Size: 1256.3GB (0.8% used)
           ID-1: /dev/sda model: ST1000LM035 size: 1000.2GB
           ID-2: /dev/sdb model: Micron_1100_MTFD size: 256.1GB
Partition: ID-1: / size: 234G used: 9.4G (5%) fs: ext4 dev: /dev/sdb2
RAID:      No RAID devices: /proc/mdstat, md_mod kernel module present
Sensors:   System Temperatures: cpu: 47.0C mobo: N/A gpu: 0.0:45C
           Fan Speeds (in rpm): cpu: N/A
Info:      Processes: 264 Uptime: 1:01 Memory: 3071.3/15923.3MB
           Init: systemd runlevel: 5 Gcc sys: 7.3.0
           Client: Shell (bash 4.4.191) inxi: 2.3.56

Code:
[email protected]:~$ sudo fdisk -l
[sudo] password for jlap4:
Disk /dev/sda: 931.5 GiB, 1000204886016 bytes, 1953525168 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: 9E8E3CA7-4C1F-4A20-BF7F-B5029D187592


Disk /dev/sdb: 238.5 GiB, 256060514304 bytes, 500118192 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: 3D5D4F6A-3F47-4FF5-B9E1-CF2FFE434B5A

Device       Start       End   Sectors  Size Type
/dev/sdb1     2048   1050623   1048576  512M EFI System
/dev/sdb2  1050624 500117503 499066880  238G Linux filesystem
When I reinstalled LM19 on the SSD I allowed the Mint installer to create the partitions just so I could get the system up and running (I tend to mess up partitioning) :(

So, here I am with a functioning system w/ Mint as a base on the SSD and a totally empty HDD. I will start this project from here.
 


atanere

Well-Known Member
Sadly, disasters are excellent teachers. :eek::D But it sounds like you are a bit gun shy now... don't be! With a few more disasters you will be teaching the Wizard a thing or two! :D

With a new thread to try to stay on track and focused, I don't want to interject too much because Chris can keep you on the straight and narrow path better to achieve your goal.

But let me suggest this: please define your goal clearly, if you can now. You realize you want a separate partition for Timeshift and a separate partition for Data that will be shared by all of the distros. Give your best guess how big those special partitions should be. Knowing that each distro needs about 20 GB, remember that you might want to install extra software too, so perhaps think about making them a bit larger. And finally, pick how many distros on each drive, and which distros you want to complete your goal. It may help Wizard to guide you to install some distros before others, and some better on HDD vs SSD, as he has mentioned already.

Your planning may also include a certain amount of free space to remain for yet more distros if you can't plan to fully populate both drives just yet. And of course Timeshift may save you later if a lot of time lapses and you kind of forget how you do all this and hose it all up.

And if you hose it all up and start again from scratch... it will again be a good learning experience... the hard way. :D

Cheers
 

Jeffrey Lapinski

Active Member
No doubt! I have learned to keep one laptop up and running with a stable distro so that when my science experiment goes awry and tires to eat the laboratory I am not totally up the proverbial creek! You make an excellent point about planning and that is what I need to do. My only experience is with Debian based and Arch based systems but I know I also want to experiment w/ RPM based systems as well. As for storage, I have a pCloud account and I also have several external HDD and one external SSD and I will likely keep most data in one of those places in order to keep my disk space free for distros/software. Additionally, I am considering purchasing a new internal SSD (~ 1 TB) but that won't be for a while yet. As I see it right now my goals are:
1. Get the system set up and ready to install additional distros
2. Re - partition the HDD as Chris previously instructed w/ Timeshift and Data Storage partitions
3. Appropriately label the existing drive partitions
4. An overriding goal to become more proficient in OS set up and drive partitioning

As for distros:
1. I think that I will keep LM Cinnamon as my base distro
2. I want to have a combination of Debian and Arch based distros available for use on this system and hopefully retain the ability to access saved data regardless of which distro I am using.
3. Add openSUSE to the mix (if this is a feasible goal at this time) - this is a goal that I am prepared to hold off on for the time being.
4. I would like to have at least one distro featuring each of the following DE
a. Cinnamon (done)
b. Gnome (Manjaro)
c. Budgie
d. KDE
e. XFCE

I think once I have mastered this I will consider replacing the SSD with a larger capacity drive and adding more to the mix (but I think that is a few months away).
Most importantly to me is to enjoy this project (which, despite the hiccoughs I have been) and to become more proficient in setting up, using, and troubleshooting Linux based systems (not a goal specific to this project but it is really my driving influence).

Hope this clarifies things a bit!
 

wizardfromoz

Super Moderator
Staff member
Gold Supporter
With a few more disasters you will be teaching the Wizard a thing or two! :D
I heard that Stan :mad:

Yer've gotta crawl before you walk, walk before you run, and run before you can fly. I fly, where multi-multi-booting is concerned, but that is after 4+ years of doing it, and I still fly sort of zigzag, but usually get where I am going :D (not without a few scrapes or two, and those bloody birds keep getting sucked into my turbines).

I missed this one, Jeffrey, because of the (good) activity we've had on the front page, and the disparate timezones.

...because Chris can keep you on the straight and narrow path


Yeah, right ... we're talking Jeffrey here, his middle name is "keen", just as I was (and still am) when let loose in the candy store that is Linux.

please define your goal clearly, if you can now
... from here to the end of Stan's Post, big like



Being already in that figurative candy store, Elaine and I have recently got the pigeon pair of Dell Inspirons. Hers just has The Dozer 10, emasculated down to less than 100GB, and Tara Cinnamon, that's all she needs and wants. Cinnamon won over MATE, because of its slideshow wallpaper capacity, populated with pics of the kids and grandkids.

Me? I also have the Western Digital My Book 4TB powered external, so you can guess where the storage goes? Both Data and Timeshift. Prior to that, I was using the Adata NH03 'Nobility' 3TB external powered, which is clunky now (no surprise, I suppose, since I had 36 Linux booting off it at one stage). As a consequence, I have not ever used a Home Partition. No need. I just have the minimal /home folder, and my settings are safeguarded with a full on demand Timeshift. Have settings will go.

Back to my Dell - 2TB HDD, 256GB SSD, 16GB RAM, populating very slowly and carefully, with stuff I want, and stuff I can teach with, or learn from. Or both. ESP on the SSD came with Windows, it's shared between the Distros on the SSD and the HDD, and the My Book has its own, so that if needed, I could unplug it, take it up the hallway, and plug it into Elaine's Inspiron. Plug and play.

I make it sound Easy Peasy One Two Threesy, but that is after 4 years in getting a Certificate in The School of Hard Knocks.

And then we still have little hiccups like Manjaro style kernel panics to challenge us. Linux can be like having kids - lots of trials and tribulations, heartache ... but geez the golden moments are a joy!

And all the choices? I love schmorgasbord and I love Linux. Can you tell? What gave it away? :eek::rolleyes::confused:

If you spend a month with each Distro, getting to know it, and also getting to know the Terminal command nuances and differences between Families, but also their commonalities - then you've got 12 Distros on in a year, and 48 after 4 years. I just put partition 48 on the Toshiba Satellite 1TB, 8GB RAM yesterday - Manjaro Deepin. It's getting clunky, and has been telling me for a year that it might fall over, and then Vale Toshiba :)

Your #3 indicates meritorious thought is being placed into your ambitions. If your plan is too rigid, then disaster and obstacles hit you harder.

Our wonderful Greek friend Capta (@CptCharis ) was quoting Heraclitus a few days ago

Τα πάντα ρει, - Panta Rhei - everything flows. Heraclitus
Give your plan room to breathe, review it, modify it, look at it in 12 months time and see how it has changed/grown, and why.

Most importantly to me is to enjoy this project
The day you stop enjoying what you have found in Linux, or FOSS in general, it's time to go back to another OS. I don't see it as happening to me until I go out in a pine box.

Cheers

Chris
 

Jeffrey Lapinski

Active Member
Not to worry @wizardfromoz I have no illusion of rivaling you! Have you ever caught a sniff of a bird in a turbine? o_O

So after I partially recovered from my disastrous attempt at installing a 3rd distro on laptop #1 I wiped both hard drives clean and decided to start from scratch. Set both to GPT and did a fresh install of Mint Cin as the primary OS on the SSD and then seriously considered what @atanere suggested and developed a more coherent plan as noted above.

Yeah, right ... we're talking Jeffrey here, his middle name is "keen", just as I was (and still am) when let loose in the candy store that is Linux.
Definitely feeling like a kid in a candy store - albeit a kid that can only open one stinking candy bar at a time!

I marvel at what you are able to set up @wizardfromoz and one day I hope to be able to do the same! You my friend don't have a candy store you have a multi - level super candy - plex!

For now, I want to start with a small, little mom & pop candy store and work my way up!

I like your idea of trialing a distro for a month or so before moving on and sticking with one system for a bit before branching out, I'll miss playing with Arch based systems but if I spend a few months getting settled with Debian systems I will be in a better position and better equipped to move forward.

So, here is my question now... Which Debian distro do you suggest I use for my 2nd distro and what is the best next step?
 

Jeffrey Lapinski

Active Member
The instructions that you provided last time had me installing a new LM distro or Ubuntu MATE to the HDD due to the most updated version of GParted then creating a Timeshift partition and a data storage partition on the HDD. Since the only change I experienced since was the changing the base OS from Manjaro to LM Cinnamon I am going to proceed with the installation for OS2 to the HDD and that will bring me back to the point I was before my candy store caught fire and burnt to the ground (minus the need for a custom.cfg to address kernel panic!
 

wizardfromoz

Super Moderator
Staff member
Gold Supporter
G'day intrepid one. :)

I note from elsewhere that you are currently looking at Neptune 5 KDE (which I have) also, the other (semantics) is KDE Neon Plasma (not vice versa), which I don't have.

Should I regard any of the above as redundant or go ahead with a recco?

Cheers

Wiz
 

Jeffrey Lapinski

Active Member
G'day Wiz!

What is your advice for moving forward? If you think it is best to hold off on a KDE distro I am fine with that. More important to me right now is getting this multi - boot project off the ground while keeping the damn birds away from the turbines! Let's move forward operating of the KISS principle! I am about to put Ubuntu MATE on the HDD which, in theory should leave me an operational system with LM 19 Cinnamon on the SSD and Ubuntu MATE on the HDD. Assuming this step is successful give me your advice for the best OS to use as #3.
 

Jeffrey Lapinski

Active Member
On /dev/sdb (SSD) I have a fully functional LM19
Here is where I am currently with /dev/sda - BUT I am running into a strange problem. I originally set up the "/" partition for Ubuntu MATE to be 20 GB but the system kept crashing. It boots fine, runs well UNTIL I attempt to install software. Sometimes it installs fine, others the laptop just shuts down? I didn't know if the size of "/" was too small so I increased the size to ~ 60 GB and I will see if that helps.
@wizardfromoz I don't know if I misunderstood you when you said that I did not need set up a separate /home partition, when I installed Ubuntu MATE I only set up the /boot partition and "/".
Screenshot from 2018-09-26 07-37-21.png
 

Jeffrey Lapinski

Active Member
For my next trick (ha!) I want to put one more Ubuntu based distro on this machine...
Here are my questions:
1. Which one (I am thinking either Ubuntu 18.04, Mint XFCE, or Ubuntu Budgie)
2. Which drive do you suggest: SSD vs. HDD?
3. Do you recommend just a /boot/efi and "/" partition?
4. Recommended partition size and location in the line up?

As usual, thank you for all the help!!
 

wizardfromoz

Super Moderator
Staff member
Gold Supporter
On your #10

That looks SOOO much better !! :D:D


...runs well UNTIL I attempt to install software.
Using what mechanism for installation, there are a number, and I can go through them with you?

Just an aside for the moment, and flagging my previously-stated intentions of starting a Multi-Multi-booting Thread:

With this iteration of your multibooting aspirations - the title, the references in your OP (original post) to your other Threads, my personal opinion is that I don't need to reinvent the wheel and start a new Thread on same topic, when perhap we might use yours as that vehicle to disseminate knowledge, input and gather feedback on multibooting ... to the benefit of the majority, it might even get pinned.

If you, as the author (OP - Original Poster) are agreeable to my having, obviously, a significant influence on the direction, then I can set ears burning, by saying to my "boss" and my Mod peers -

@Rob , @atanere , @Scotsgeek , @ryanvade - if Jeffrey is amenable to the above, is there merit in this idea?

Obviously, where multibooting is concerned, I am biased - I run 60 to 80 Linux at a time. But Linux, whether through "MBR-style 4 partition rule Extended Partition with Logical Partititons", or through the easier GPT option of unlimited partitions ... is the perfect vehicle, like no other OS or platform, for doing this stuff, for providing these freedoms.

Seems like win-win to me, but I will take Jeffrey's thoughts, and my "Committee's" direction.

Wiz
 

wizardfromoz

Super Moderator
Staff member
Gold Supporter
Back to your situation - Jeffrey

First up, I would not worry too much for now about that 20GB installation hiccough/hiccup unless it repeats - if it does, you will learn about reading logs ... lots of fun, if you want to get a PhD in watching the paint dry. But can be good for troubleshooting

If the 60GB scenario is working OK, confirm. Thanks (Ta)

On #11 questions:

1. Which one (I am thinking either Ubuntu 18.04, Mint XFCE, or Ubuntu Budgie) - all OK. By "Ubuntu 18.04" you are likely talking their standard, which is aka "Desktop" and which is their spin on GNOME 3, it's not a full GNOME 3. For full GNOME 3 see Manjaro and others. Budgie I have only tried with Gecko, a spin off openSUSE.
2. Which drive do you suggest: SSD vs. HDD? I think I have said something like the following, maybe just thought it (I am another year older, ;)) - This Dell Inspiron is my 1st SSD. A Micron, similar to yours. Seems to me the logical thing to do is to take best advantage of the lightning-fast speeds, in tandem with the proviso that 128GB and 256GB such as you have, and I have 256 ... will get filled more quickly with more Distros. So weigh up with DEs that Cinnamon is the heaviest in resources, and The Little Mouse XFCE very light (and some others, even lighter, like LXDE-QT &c). Look at recommended space to install, and consider as part of your Plan, how the Distro shapes up in likely apps needing to be installed other than what it ships with, either from its Repositories or from foreign sources, and the net space consumption. Example - Mark Greaves' excellent Peppermint series - doesn't ship with a Productivity Suite, so you install your own, whether it be LibreOffice, its parent Apache 's OpenOffice, Kingsoft's WPS or whetever.
3. Do you recommend just a /boot/efi and "/" partition? Yep ... (& I know I may get some gasps :eek::eek:) - only add Swap if you find it is slow, or struggling, or you are a Gamer, Video Editor, Music Compiler or into huge databases. You will never know until you try it without, but if you already have it and want to dispense with it, we need to likely tweak /etc/fstab and a couple of other protocols. There are also options that don't involve dedicating a separate partition of a size that is after all arbitrary, and (likely) not equal to your RAM, twice your RAM, whatever. There is also the option to later generate a swapfile, a "Swap on the fly" scenario, and some Distros even incorporate zRAM, I am betting not a lot of Viewers are familiar with these options. And then there is "swappiness", lol.
4. Recommended partition size and location in the line up? Two-part answer - 1. Size matters - minimum / root (os/system) about 16 GiB, maximum 30 GiB was what Manjaro used to insist on two years ago or so. The Distro installer will tell you if you have allocated insufficient space. I do Manjaro's on 20 GiB. If Kali or Parrot for pen testing, 100 GiB because you will accumulate data ( or have separate Data partition, I advocate) 2. Pecking order ... anywhere, I can show us ways to change it to suit, to boot from the last one you used, to always boot from a Fave, &c
Gotta fly for now

The world's your oyster with Linux ... and I love oysters.

Wizard
 

Jeffrey Lapinski

Active Member
On /dev/sdb (SSD) I have a fully functional LM19
Here is where I am currently with /dev/sda - BUT I am running into a strange problem. I originally set up the "/" partition for Ubuntu MATE to be 20 GB but the system kept crashing. It boots fine, runs well UNTIL I attempt to install software. Sometimes it installs fine, others the laptop just shuts down? I didn't know if the size of "/" was too small so I increased the size to ~ 60 GB and I will see if that helps.
@wizardfromoz I don't know if I misunderstood you when you said that I did not need set up a separate /home partition, when I installed Ubuntu MATE I only set up the /boot partition and "/".
I think the problem was..... the damn Nvidia card again! I also noted that the system was running extremely hot and if you recall I mentioned something about a "loud drive" and Stan I believe asked if I thought it was the fan? Well, long story short I simply turned off Nvidia and went the Intel card and she's humming like a songbird at the moment!
 

atanere

Well-Known Member
I think the problem was..... the damn Nvidia card again! I also noted that the system was running extremely hot and if you recall I mentioned something about a "loud drive" and Stan I believe asked if I thought it was the fan? Well, long story short I simply turned off Nvidia and went the Intel card and she's humming like a songbird at the moment!
Okay, I'll veer off-topic for a moment... or maybe it is on-topic? If you don't mind a bit of swearing, check this out:
 

Jeffrey Lapinski

Active Member
Awesome!! I love this clip and, currently that is my feeling about Nvidia too! I am now convinced that the root of the issues that I have experienced with this laptop has been this stupid Nvidia card!! I am not even a gamer! I am actually about to post a new thread about it.
 

wizardfromoz

Super Moderator
Staff member
Gold Supporter
Still one of my fave vid clips, tell us what you think, Linus :)
 

CptCharis

Well-Known Member
Reference Links:

https://www.linux.org/threads/question-about-partitioning-sdd-after-os-is-installed.19701/page-5#post-58963

https://www.linux.org/threads/manjaro-kernel-panics-and-other-tips-for-arch-based-distros.19795/page-2#post-58771

The above links are background information as well as tips provided by experienced moderators/members from this site. I have been attempting to create a system on which I can boot several Linux distros. Up until yesterday I had my system set up to boot LM 19 Cinnamon from a 1 TB HDD and Manjaro 17 Gnome from my 256 GB SSD. With assistance I was able to correct the kernel panic issue caused by trying to boot into Manjaro and I had both OS set up and running. THEN, I had the bright idea that it was time to try and install an additional distro and that was where it all fell apart! So, after completely nuking both drives via GParted I have been able to re-install LM19 Cinnamon to my SSD and as of this moment the system is up and running.

Code:
[email protected]:~$ inxi -Fxs
System:    Host: jlap4-X705UDR Kernel: 4.15.0-20-generic x86_64
           bits: 64 gcc: 7.3.0
           Desktop: Cinnamon 3.8.9 (Gtk 3.22.30-1ubuntu1)
           Distro: Linux Mint 19 Tara
Machine:   Device: laptop System: ASUSTeK product: X705UDR v: 1.0 serial: N/A
           Mobo: ASUSTeK model: X705UDR v: 1.0 serial: N/A
           UEFI: American Megatrends v: X705UDR.306 date: 11/27/2017
Battery    BAT0: charge: 38.9 Wh 99.9% condition: 38.9/42.1 Wh (93%)
           model: ASUSTeK ASUS status: Discharging
CPU:       Quad core Intel Core i7-8550U (-MT-MCP-)
           arch: Kaby Lake rev.10 cache: 8192 KB
           flags: (lm nx sse sse2 sse3 sse4_1 sse4_2 ssse3 vmx) bmips: 15936
           clock speeds: max: 4000 MHz 1: 1547 MHz 2: 1712 MHz 3: 1583 MHz
           4: 1760 MHz 5: 1651 MHz 6: 1643 MHz 7: 1183 MHz 8: 1682 MHz
Graphics:  Card-1: Intel UHD Graphics 620 bus-ID: 00:02.0
           Card-2: NVIDIA GP107M [GeForce GTX 1050 Mobile] bus-ID: 01:00.0
           Display Server: x11 (X.Org 1.19.6 )
           drivers: modesetting,nvidia (unloaded: fbdev,vesa,nouveau)
           Resolution: [email protected]
           OpenGL: renderer: GeForce GTX 1050/PCIe/SSE2
           version: 4.6.0 NVIDIA 390.48 Direct Render: Yes
Audio:     Card Intel Sunrise Point-LP HD Audio
           driver: snd_hda_intel bus-ID: 00:1f.3
           Sound: Advanced Linux Sound Architecture v: k4.15.0-20-generic
Network:   Card-1: Realtek RTL8111/8168/8411 PCIE Gigabit Ethernet Controller
           driver: r8169 v: 2.3LK-NAPI port: d000 bus-ID: 02:00.0
           IF: enp2s0 state: down mac: 4c:ed:fb:01:fa:f1
           Card-2: Realtek Device b822
           driver: r8822be port: c000 bus-ID: 03:00.0
           IF: wlp3s0 state: up speed: N/A duplex: N/A mac: 80:c5:f2:05:e9:31
Drives:    HDD Total Size: 1256.3GB (0.8% used)
           ID-1: /dev/sda model: ST1000LM035 size: 1000.2GB
           ID-2: /dev/sdb model: Micron_1100_MTFD size: 256.1GB
Partition: ID-1: / size: 234G used: 9.4G (5%) fs: ext4 dev: /dev/sdb2
RAID:      No RAID devices: /proc/mdstat, md_mod kernel module present
Sensors:   System Temperatures: cpu: 47.0C mobo: N/A gpu: 0.0:45C
           Fan Speeds (in rpm): cpu: N/A
Info:      Processes: 264 Uptime: 1:01 Memory: 3071.3/15923.3MB
           Init: systemd runlevel: 5 Gcc sys: 7.3.0
           Client: Shell (bash 4.4.191) inxi: 2.3.56

Code:
[email protected]:~$ sudo fdisk -l
[sudo] password for jlap4:
Disk /dev/sda: 931.5 GiB, 1000204886016 bytes, 1953525168 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: 9E8E3CA7-4C1F-4A20-BF7F-B5029D187592


Disk /dev/sdb: 238.5 GiB, 256060514304 bytes, 500118192 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: 3D5D4F6A-3F47-4FF5-B9E1-CF2FFE434B5A

Device       Start       End   Sectors  Size Type
/dev/sdb1     2048   1050623   1048576  512M EFI System
/dev/sdb2  1050624 500117503 499066880  238G Linux filesystem
When I reinstalled LM19 on the SSD I allowed the Mint installer to create the partitions just so I could get the system up and running (I tend to mess up partitioning) :(

So, here I am with a functioning system w/ Mint as a base on the SSD and a totally empty HDD. I will start this project from here.
I have a recently ( accidentally :(:D) empty external HDD . I will try a multi boot project for fun and education.
C u soon.;)
 



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