where the cursor is ,that might bring up your desktop.also dollar sign show your in normal user mode so apt-get etc will be denied.now on pc; looking at screen shot i can see where you logged in as normal user. inittab settings might have changed.
Does it ask for your password in text mode only?
If so type in your password and hit Enter.
If it stays in text mode after that type startx and see if it gives you a GUI.
Are you using Gnome? KDE? XFCE? LXDE? or Mate?