FSTAB Options

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DevynCJohnson

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The filesystem table (/etc/fstab) has a column that contains various parameters that are read by the mounting utility. Many options are applicable to most or all filesystems. Then, there are some filesystem-specific options. Knowing most of these options can be quite beneficial to admins and general users.

General Settings
  • async - Asynchronous read and write
  • auto - Mount the filesystem on bootup
  • defaults - The typical setting for the filesystem being edited
  • dev - Recognize special block device files
  • exec - Allow executables to be executed
  • noauto - Do not mount the filesystem on bootup
  • nodev - Do not recognize special block device files
  • noexec - Do not permit executables to be executed
  • nosuid - Forbid the use of SUID
  • ro - Read-only
  • rw - Read+Write
  • suid - Allow the use of SUID
  • sync - Synchronous read and write

Linux-specific General Settings
  • atime - Last access time
  • ctime - Last status change time
  • mtime - Last modified time
  • noatime - Do not record last access time
  • owner - Allow the specified owner to mount the filesystem (owner=bob)
  • relatime - The last access time is updated if it is older than the last modified time
  • strictatime - Same as atime

Filesystem Specific

CIFS
  • guest - This option indicates that passwords are not required to access the server share
  • iocharset - Set the I/O character set (iocharset=utf8)
  • password - The password needed to access the share; this is the password of the Windows system
  • uid - Declare the owner of the share by UID
  • username - The user trying to access the share; this is the username of the Windows system

EXT2
  • check - Set the fsck checking level (none, normal, or strict)
  • debug - Print debug info
  • sb - Declare the location of the superblock by specifying a block (sb=5)

FAT
  • check - Check filenames to ensure that the correct naming schemes are used; choices include "r" (relaxed), "n" (normal), and "s" (strict)
  • conv - Perform DOS and Unix text-file conversions; choices include "b" (binary), "t" (text), and "a" (auto)
FAT and NTFS
  • dmask - Set the user directory creation mode mask
  • fmask - Set the user file creation mode mask
  • gid - Set the GID to give to files
  • uid - Set the UID to give to files
  • umask - Set the user file/directory creation mode mask
  • windows_names - Only permit characters accepted by Windows to be used in directory and file names

NFS
  • addr - Set the IP address

Further Reading
 

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