Distro: Ubuntu

Discussion in 'Beginner Tutorials' started by LinuxDotOrg, Jul 9, 2013.

  1. LinuxDotOrg

    LinuxDotOrg Administrator

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    [​IMG]


    ubuntu |o?'bo?nto?|

    Ubuntu is an ancient African word meaning 'humanity to others'. It also means 'I am what I am because of who we all are'. The Ubuntu operating system brings the spirit of Ubuntu to the world of computers.


    Where did it all begin?

    Linux was already established as an enterprise server platform in 2004. But free software was still not a part of everyday life for most computer users. That's why Mark Shuttleworth gathered a small team of developers from one of the most established Linux projects � Debian - and set out to create an easy-to-use Linux desktop, Ubuntu.
    The vision for Ubuntu is part social and part economic: free software, available free of charge to everybody on the same terms, and funded through a portfolio of services provided by Canonical.

    Ubuntu releases

    The Ubuntu team broke new ground in committing to a programme of scheduled releases on a predictable six-month basis. It was decided that every fourth release, issued on a two-year basis, would receive long-term support (LTS). LTS releases are typically used for large-scale deployments.
    Ubuntu is different from the commercial Linux offerings that preceded it because it doesn't divide its efforts between a high-quality commercial version and a free, 'community' version. The commercial and community teams collaborate to produce a single, high-quality release, which receives ongoing maintenance for a defined period. Both the release and ongoing updates are freely available to all users.

    Governance

    Version 4.10, codenamed the 'Warty Warthog', the first official Ubuntu release, was launched in October 2004. Global interest in Ubuntu was dramatic from the outset. The year following the Warty Warthog release saw huge growth in the Ubuntu community as thousands of free software enthusiasts and experts joined.
    The governance of Ubuntu is somewhat independent of Canonical, with volunteer leaders from around the world taking responsibility for many of the critical elements of the project. It remains a key tenet of the Ubuntu Project that Ubuntu is a shared work between Canonical, other companies, and the thousands of volunteers who bring their expertise to bear on making it a world-class platform for the whole world to use.


    Ubuntu today

    The first version of Ubuntu was based on the GNOME desktop. We have since added a KDE edition, Kubuntu, and a server edition. All of the editions of Ubuntu share common infrastructure and software, making Ubuntu a unique platform that scales from consumer electronics to the desktop, and into the cloud for enterprise computing. Developers can work on their desktop of choice, and smoothly deliver code to cloud servers running the stripped-down Ubuntu Server Edition.
    In recent years, special emphasis has been placed on netbooks for lightweight, connected, mobile computing, and on the cloud as a new architecture for data centres. Ubuntu is a pioneer in both fields, with Ubuntu Netbook Edition and Ubuntu Enterprise Cloud setting the standard for easy deployment and management. Ubuntu is hugely popular on Amazon's EC2 and Rackspace's Cloud, and is pre-installed on computers from Dell, Lenovo and other global vendors.
    Ubuntu still is and always will be free to use, share and develop. We hope it will bring a touch of light to your computing � and we hope that you'll join us in helping to build the next version too. [1]

    Please visit Ubuntu.com and support their distribution at http://www.ubuntu.com/community/get-involved/donate
  2. omoresec

    omoresec New Member

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    I use ubuntu 12.04 lts, it is good enough for a beginner
    DevynCJohnson likes this.
  3. Josef@yourservice

    Josef@yourservice New Member

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    wilsf, what I'm learning so far, is that yes I can download ubuntu 14.04.1 on the usb, but it is not opening because it must have a driver.
    I did the ubuntu download on a windows partitioned Mac and moved the usb to a PC machine. It occupies 1 gig of the USB. ok, but it won't boot. Am I correct in assessing it needs a driver (not just me if I'm falling asleep)? I see the files listed. If I must download a driver and install it on the PC desktop, will it open the USB port? I tried doing so with the Free Ultimate File Opener, but no such luck.
  4. Ragoczy

    Ragoczy New Member

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    Hello everyone. I just installed Ubuntu on my laptop and I would like to learn some programming. I am a fair good user of Windows but Linux is new for me. I have worked a few year ago a little bit in Basic but tha was a long time ago. Could anyone give me some sugestions on how to beginn learning?
  5. PAV1983

    PAV1983 New Member

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    Same here. I tried to install it on older computers and hardware and had a difficult time to get it to work. I understand that there are some Windows computers that have hardware that is very incompatible with Linux. I am going through that right now, and it's frustrating.
  6. Andy Mejias

    Andy Mejias New Member

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    I also find it frustrating. I hadve obtained some .flv tutorials and will have to look at them. Seems that there are many ways to get to where y0u want, but it depends on which Linux you are using. Example: Just trying to get a bootloader into a USB flash drive you have unetbooting/SuperGrep something and some things work and some don't. I know its not the programs, its my understanding of them.
  7. michel lambert

    michel lambert New Member

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    it's a very good one but i recommended xfce4 very simple and lightweight ubuntu derivative
  8. Zahid Hameed

    Zahid Hameed New Member

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    You must Python, it is already installed in ubuntu
    Ragoczy likes this.
  9. John Fletcher

    John Fletcher New Member

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    I use Ubuntu 15.04 and love it. Installed easy. Friendly to use.
    Ragoczy likes this.
  10. Jason Lee

    Jason Lee New Member

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    你好!I come from China,and I'd like to study Ubuntu.
  11. Zahid Hameed

    Zahid Hameed New Member

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    You should visit UBUNTU WIKI
  12. Renato D. Mejilla

    Renato D. Mejilla New Member

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    Hi, if you want to use Linux as a substitute for windows, then consider using Perl or Python if you want to learn some programming for linux. Or you can install LAMP, then use PHP with MYSQL if you want to learn CGI programming. If you are good with windows then you can still use c or c++. But i suggest, Perl though.
  13. Renato D. Mejilla

    Renato D. Mejilla New Member

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    Hi, have you tried to use VMware? Then consider it and install the Linux distro you want.
    Or else use the LiveCD installation media so you don't need to install it physically on your hard drive.
  14. 李明科

    李明科 New Member

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